Smart Parking Meters
Throughout the United States, cities are deploying “smart” electronic fare collection infrastructures. In 2003, San Francisco launched a $35 million pilot program to replace approximately 23,000 mechanical parking meters with electronic units that boasted tamper resistance, payment via smart card, auditing capabilities, and an estimated $30 million annually in fare collection revenue. Other major cities, including Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, Portland, and San Diego, have made similar moves.
This presentation details our evaluation of electronic parking meters, including hardware disassembly, smart card protocol emulation, and silicon die analysis.
Slides: “Smart” Parking Meters, Globalism, and You (Presented at the Black Hat Briefings USA, Las Vegas, Nevada, July 30, 2009)
Source Code: Smartcard Emulator Template (Microchip PIC16F877)
Article: A Hacker’s Perspective: Is the Industry Prepared for Smart Technologies? (The Parker, Canadian Parking Association, Q2 2011)